More figures are coming out about the London riots in August. It appears that gang culture was not the overriding factor with only 1 in 5 convicted being a gang member. One in 7 of all those convicted was born outside the UK.
The biggest factor seems to have been membership of an underclass of criminals with 40% haveing been convicted at least twice before. A third of young people convicted had been excluded (expelled) from school during the previous year. Two thirds of young people had 'special educational needs' though what this means is dubious since one third of all pupils fall into this category.